Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag
Alright. It is time to make an actual proper website. Okay. At the moment we've put in some html tags and some basic CSS but that's not all we need, we need some other bits and pieces like the doc type uh the head tag, the body tag. So in this video we'll work out how to add those quickly and what they all do. Alright, let's jump in. Okay. First thing is is that this page that we've made this Hello world. Html is it's got the basics in it but it's missing a chunk of elements. Okay. To make it an official web page. So let's close it down and look at those. So close it down. Let's make a new page. So file new. Let's save it. Okay. And this one's going to be called understanding. Let's put in a hyphen and let's put in body body html and hit Okay. Make sure the end you add html dot html. Okay. At the end. Otherwise it doesn't know what you're doing. The other thing to notice at this point is that you can't use spaces. Okay. Or you shouldn't use spaces. You need to use hyphens or underscore...
s. It doesn't matter which Okay, I use hyphens and let's hit save when you are naming things. Try not to use things like dollar signs or ampersand or any kind of just use numbers and letters. Okay. To make this an official web page. It needs a couple of things. It needs to know that we're dealing with an html page. So it's something called the doc type. Okay. So it's a dark type of html. Then we need to establish that it is an html document that is set in the language of english. Okay, let me close that off. And there is probably another five or six lines that we need to add to make this thing official. So we don't type that out. Okay. There is an easy shortcut because it's such a consistent repeatable thing that everyone needs to do. V. S. Code uses something called Emmett. Don't worry. That emits the word, but it's a little bit of code hinting. Okay, that really helps you go fast. So instead of typing all the things we need out to make an official web page, we type an exclamation mark and we hit return on the keyboard. Cool, that's all the official stuff. We need to make this a legitimate html page. Here's our doc type, there's the english language then it has something called the head and the body and then it's all wrapped up in this html tag. Now, what are all these things? So the doc type just tells us that it's html. This one here, if you see if I click in here. Okay. Html you'll see there's a corresponding wrapper at the end here and all of the website is inside that html tag. Okay. Like we had the H one earlier. Remember we had a church one. Okay. And there was a beginning and a closing and everything inside inside was the H one. It's the same with all of the html tags. Okay. This one just says all of this is html. Thank you very much. Not very exciting. Html tag. You're not going to deal with it much at all. These other two tags inside of here. You will. There's the head, there's the body. Okay? So the head tag and put a couple of returns in. Remember returns. Don't mean anything just so that we can segment them when we're learning. So the head has an opening and a closing and everything inside of here is stuff that the browser needs to work. Okay. So chrome needs the stuff but the user doesn't see it. Okay. So if we save this file safe, we jump out to chrome. Okay. We'll go to file. We'll go to open file. Okay. And let's find this new one. Understanding body. Html head. And you'll notice that there is, there's nothing on the page. So this is the body here, this white squared on the bottom. That's the body. The head is stuff that the browser absorbs but doesn't show you. You can see there's lots of stuff that just doesn't show I'm going to deal with all of this sort of stuff later on. But the basics here that you this one here, the character set is just telling it, we're using kind of a latin keyboard. Okay. Abc 123. Okay. And we'll talk about these things later on. Responsive design needs. This There's some problems with Microsoft edge that it needs to be compatible with things, the document title, we're doing the very next video but it's all stuff that the browser needs that we don't really need to without that the user, our audience doesn't need to see What the audience needs to see. Is everything in the body. Okay. So I put a couple of returns in here, loads too many returns then. Okay. But in the body this is where we add stuff. So let's add an H1. So we're gonna type in Angle Brackets H one. Close it off and in here is Hello dan for your name. Okay. We're gonna save it. So everything in the head browser didn't see everything in the body actually gets seen by the user. So let's have a look at our browser. Let's refresh there. It is there. Cool. So html everything's inside of their head stuff that the browser needs to work. Body is the stuff that the user sees. Those are our three main tags. Now let's do a couple of things. Let's look at the head tag. So remember we want to style this H1 where does the style go? We don't put it in the body. Okay. We don't put it in between the head and the body. It goes inside the head. Okay. So after the title but in a return and then we can put it in our style. Remember open square brackets. Close it off. Okay. And return between the two. Everything in between these two tags is the CSS Okay. And the CSS can go in the head. Okay. We don't really want this code appearing on the page. We want it just to affect the stuff that's in the body. So we say remember syntax H one curly braces and we say we'll make it the color of random color from this list. Dark orchard. There we go. What goes at the end semi colon say that. Let's have a little look in the browser browser, refresh awesome. Dark orchid orchard, orchid Orchard. Okay, so head stuff that goes on the page, like I said this 20 times now. But you get the idea things like this can go in the head. But the thing that people see are in the body now, a couple of things I want to explain before we move on is I'm jumping between these two and you're like how did he do that? So on a Mac and you can hold down the command key and hit tab. And these little things open up. Okay? And you can keep hitting tab to move through them on a pc. It's control tab. Okay? And you can flick between them two by just tapping them. So control tab. Control tab. You don't have to do that. And what you might do is just have it over here, do some window resizing. So you can kind of see one on one side, one on the other and it's a lot easier to work that way up to you. And another thing I want to do before we move on, I'm gonna totally wreck that. Is that, you know, I don't want you at this point that going like, how am I going to remember all of these things? Because let's say that I want to make this Hello dan, underlined. Okay. The cool thing about the internet and especially html is there's a load of resources so I want to make this underlined. How do you know what is it? So do I go in here and just start typing underline? It doesn't seem to work. Okay, so let's say I go to chrome Okay, open that up again. I'm going to make a new search box, I'm gonna say html or CSS code for underline. Okay. And I'm we're going to do this throughout the course because I'm not here to teach you every single bit of syntax. I want you, I'm teaching you to fish. Okay, so let's have a look. So I've asked for the code for underline, it's gonna be kind of three main places that you'll use in your like that most web designers use. There is something called w three schools dot com. That's a really, really good resource CSS tricks that is an amazing website by chris queer and there's another one that appears quite often and it is, it's not appearing that list, but it's called stack overflow. Those are the three main ones to write down and say, yep, those are the those are the go to places, let's have a look. See, SCS text decoration, You can see here using an H1, there's an overline, it's not what I want to underline. So instead of kind of remembering them, you can either copy this, just copying it with my keyboard, command C or on a Mac or control C on a pc and go back into V. S code and I'm just gonna paste it in, save it. Okay. And then jump 12 browser, preview it and it's underlined because there's gonna be a lot of that. If you're like, man, do I need to write all this down? There's lots of times, we're just like, I can't remember what that, what the syntax is, so you can go and find it. Okay, because text decoration is a weird way of discussing underline. Okay, but after a while, you will learn some stuff that you're doing quite regularly. Text decoration overline. Never used that one in my life. Refresh. Look at that, you can do it all right, that's gonna be it for this video. Let's jump into the next one. We start talking about the meta title that we've been ignoring