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The Second

Lesson 28 from: Music Theory for Electronic Musicians

J. Anthony Allen

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Lesson Info

28. The Second

Next Lesson: The Sixth

Lesson Info

The Second

All right, now, let's talk about seconds. Um, like seconds, as in the number two, not seconds, as in time, um, seconds like that. Right onto that is the interval of a second or two. Um, these are not terribly useful to us because the interval of a two makes kind of a dissonance. A dissonance means on ugly sound like this. That's a dissonance, right? It's an ugly sound that the the two is a, um, relatively nice sound, but it's still a little bit crunchy. And so and crunchy means a little bit dissonant. So it doesn't fit into our, um, 1st 3rd 5th major chords as smoothly as the other ones. However, um, let's do the same trick, right? Let's invert it. So I have a C to a d. That's the second in the key of C. What if I inverted my movie? Gonna knocked it down? I have a huge interval now. What is that interval? That's 1/7 because the seventh is the inversion of the second. Um, another way I could look at it is the interval from D up to see that is 1/7. Now the thing that's different about th...

e second, as opposed to the fourth, is that the second does have a major or minor possibilities. Uh, the second can be major or minor. In this case, Thistles, a major second when I showed you earlier is a minor second. Now, how does the major and minor work remember? We don't really have major minor on the fifth because the fifth is perfect, right? That's one of those weird perfect intervals. The other perfect interval is the fourth, so a perfect fit inverted becomes a perfect fourth. Um, but a major second inverted becomes 1/7 and a minor second. Inverted becomes the seventh, and their quality flips when you invert them. So, for example, a major second inverted boom boom boom a minor seventh day. So a major second inverted Williams of Minor seven, a minor seventh inverted becomes a major seventh, right? So whenever you invert an interval, it always becomes the opposite quality. So if it's major becomes minor and it also changes numbers. So let's look at that again. Let's look at let's look at ah, uh d up to Let's get C sharp up to see all the way up here. If we count out the half steps. That's going to be a major seventh. If we go to hear d up to see and we kind of the half steps, that's going to be a major seventh Now. I want to point out here that these intervals before the 26 thes you don't need to think about these all the time. There's a reason I save these for the end. Um, I don't want you to get confused, cause when we're making cords were thinking about the first, the third, the fifth, sometimes the seventh. Um, you can add a four to something. You can add a six to something. You can add it to do something, and it'll make a cool sound. But primarily we're thinking about that 1st 3rd 5th when we build cords. Um, I'm putting these in here hopefully not to confuse you, but to get you thinking to make you think I didn't forget about him. Basically, um, they are intervals that exists. Um, they are fun to play with. We can build cords that have them in it, Um, but they're a little outside of the box, so keep that in mind as you experiment with them.

Ratings and Reviews


this is great and very helpfull class, i make and wirte music for more than 2 decades and never gave much about theory, i trusted my feelings to what sound good and what not. Bu t recently i became interested but it all seemed very difficult to me and i didnt got the points behind music theory and how everyhing works together. This class was a game changer for me.. music theory is so simple if you have somebody to explain it in words so that you finally can understand it, and thats Anthony, he is a brilliant guy and he explains it in a simple way that you can easily understand whats going on. This is perfectly the case with this course, the sections are short and to the point, not much talking around and leaving the path, you can make fast progress end learn how music theory works, this is a 5 Star ***** course and hopefully there is more to come

Emane Filali

Fabulous course. As a person with dyslexia, trying to remember the notes and chords as letters only is impossible. I love the visual way the chords are demonstrated and explained. I was originally put off by the "electronic" aspect, thinking it was only for learning how to use piano edit roller. However, as a beginner in playing the piano, this course is applicable to all who want to learn and understand music theory in an interesting visual way. Looking forward to next lesson. Will definately be purchasing the course after. Fantastic tutor and course.

Giulio Lazaretti

Very good class!! Makes it much easier to understand and apply the rules of theory. Anthony is also very wise to suggest to trust your ears, even if what you've written doesn't fit into those same rules. I am so very grateful for you putting this together, Anthony, and for making it available for the general public, Creative Live. I am also very glad I was given the opportunity to learn english in my home country (Brazil), in which many barely know how to read and write in our own native language (portuguese) due to our public education being so bad (which, by its turn, has to do with the myriad of vile creatures that inhabit our representative chambers). Tks XoXo!

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