Mastering Hyphenation Options Using Adobe InDesign CC
Hey there in this video, we're going to talk about the exciting world of hyphen action. You might love it. You might hate it. Okay, but you need to understand how to make some changes to it to make it really work for you if you are using it. What I've done is I've written this word in here alexandria. Why? Because I wanted a really long name. Okay, like a person's name. I'm going to click on the text box, go to the type tool and under paragraph here, I can pick the one that says hyphenate. Okay, yours might be on by default. I turned mine off in an earlier video and you can see by default it does some weird things like hyphenate in here. It hyphenated name, which is bad. Also hear it hyphenated the last word in my paragraph, which just is really bad as well. It does all sorts of weird stuff. So let's look at how to control hyphenation. So I'm going to go up to here under paragraph in the burger menu in the top, right, I'm going to click on that one. I'm going to go down to hyphenation ...
and here are the really weird defaults down the bottom. These are always turned on. You can say hyphenate capitalized words and turn that off. You can see alexandria now is on its own line. Okay. And obviously lots of capitalized words are going to be like terrible words to hyphenate. It's going to be like business names and countries and first names. Last names. So turn that off hyphenate last words. Okay, that's what this guy is. The last word in a paragraph is like, yeah, hyphenate that by default. It's a terrible idea. Okay, hyphenate across columns is another one. Can you see down the bottom here at this line here ends and then hyphenates to the next column, which in our case is the next page. That's a bad idea as well. So turning those three off, they will help your hyphenation at least read a little better if you want to do it by default. Okay, so turn all these off by default. I'm gonna click OK. I'm going to save it and I'm going to close everything that I've got open. Okay. And to change it by default we did this in an earlier video but just want to double check. Okay, so go from start to essentials, grab the type tool, make sure you're on actually either one of these paragraph or character go to the burger menu and do the changes in here. If I turn this on and turn these off. Okay. And click. Ok. That will then be the default forever. I don't want to do that just because as a trainer, I need to kind of keep my version of in design close to what my students have, but that's how it go and kind of like can take control of hyphenation. Now there are going to be special instances where you want a bit more control. So let me open up the document again. Okay, so back in here, I'm going to try and make it do something. Okay I'm going to keep typing in the word ah furniture. Hey and the first one I put in to keep typing furniture close to the end of the lines until it hyphenates because I want to show you a couple of tricks. So I'm going to select the word furniture. Let's just say it's a particular word that we use quite commonly and hyphenates all the time. And when we changed our like capitalized words and don't hyphenate obviously it's not going to apply to the word furniture because it's lower case. Okay, so with it selected. Okay, we can go up to edit and let's go to spelling and go to use the dictionary. No, because I had selected their it is their furniture. And if I click show me the hyphenation, this is the default hyphenation for this word furniture. I'm gonna move mine down so I can kind of see. So it's breaking in either this option or this option. And the way in design works is it kind of has a priority system. So what you can say is actually one until the means this wave here just says the priority will be here. But if that doesn't work for you in design, this is your second priority. Okay, so it's kind of like this first up, second up you might say actually just like you got no option here. Okay I want you to break their across after for if you delete the other utilities and you click add, you'll notice in the background here it wouldn't change and break exactly where I told it to. So if you've got words that you used quite commonly and it breaks really weird and you're like, oh man, I wish I didn't do that. You can add it to your user dictionary and click on hyphenate and just tell it where to break. Now. In our case, you've got to be careful because our hyphenation has created a new word we've got for. Okay, so maybe my hyphenation, it's just an example, but that's not a good one. Let's say I never want furniture to break. Okay, you can't just do that first of all. I need to delete this one. So that's the one I'm gonna remove you. But up here, if you put the tilt at the beginning, that tells in design never hyphenate this word. If I click on add, you'll notice that it doesn't hyphenate. Okay, so if you've got some words that hyphenate that are lower case and you don't want them to just add them to use a dictionary, put the tilde key in front, click add and that will then never ever hyphenate. Alright, let's click on, done one thing you can do in there. Is that once you've done this, you don't, this is the user dictionary is not something you have to change the defaults for like we've done previously where we closed everything down and changed it. This user dictionary will apply to all documents from now on. Okay. And what you can do is you can export this one to share with other people, maybe other colleagues or another computer that you're using so that you don't have to kind of redo it twice. So somebody creates a great dictionary and you can see in mine, I've got a few extra words that have added to my dictionary, like bit mapped and blocky and color. It's about the other way CSSc SV just so that the spell checker doesn't keep asking me for them. And the cool thing about it, once I've done it, I can export it and send it to somebody else and they can go into the same setting and click on import now. Another thing that's kind of related to hyphenation is this let's say that you have two words. I'm typing in. Oak tables. Okay, so oak tables there didn't break. I'm trying to stick it in a few times where it breaks tables. There it is there let's say that I like oak tables and I never want them to be on separate lines. Okay, so I don't want to break. There's a nice quick and easy way to say instead of using weird shift returns and trying to break lines. You just select both words. Then the long way is under window and go to type and tables and open your character panel. Okay. And in here and the fly out menu on the right there's something called no break. And it just means that that would have highlighted. Won't break. Okay. It's not done for every document and every instance of oak tables. It's just a great way of going through and just kind of highlighting things and say actually I don't want these two words let's just say these two words I don't want to break okay for whatever reason. Okay say please don't break these two. Okay. It'll either suck him up or push him down to the next line. Okay? Now the quicker way to do it is if I undo both of these oak tables selected instead of open up the character menu is use the quick select. Okay so it's command return on a Mac or control return on a Pc and just type in. No be okay. And no B brings up no break and you can click on it there I find that's really quick easy way to do it. So these two words here command return no B return. Okay. And it just kind of forces them individually to not break. And it would be a much better way than doing potentially a soft return which is the shift return. You're never allowed to do that. Alright so that's kind of taking control of hyphenation. Let's look at optical marginal alignment in the next video that'll help us a little bit more with hyphenation, and then we can get off this super exciting topic onto something new.